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The number of cases (18) is however low, so to what extent this is representative for the risk assessments within SECIS canada pharmacy adderall need to be further analysed. Discussion and conclusions SECIS is unique in its kind. It is a national, voluntary system implemented within a global industry.
Its aim is to make information available to prescrib- ers and other end-users and it does that in hydrocodone missouri pharmacy ship that a comprehensive and transparent manner. Both the risk assessments, as well as all effect data are made publicly available at LIF's website (www.fass.se). In many cases data from such hydrocodone blue investigations are considered to be company secrets. It should be noted though that the LIF website is in Swedish only and so are one third of the risk assessments. This reduces the availability of the information to non-Swedish speaking users. However, general information about the classification system is available in English at www.fass.se/environment. Overall it is concluded that LIF has reached its goal to provide environmental information regarding hydrocodone missouri pharmacy ship that pharmaceutical products and in general the achievements of SECIS are remarkable. The introduction of similar systems is discussed in other countries but also on the level of the European Union (Keil, 2008). The result of SECIS so far confirms that environmental data is lacking for a substantial number of pharmaceuticals: 59 % of the products assessed within the system did not have enough ecotoxicity data to enable a classification according to the SECIS criteria. Non-standard data are in many cases believed to be more relevant hydrocodone missouri pharmacy ship that and sensitive for ecotoxicity testing of hydrocodone missouri pharmacy ship that pharmaceuticals (see chapter 5). Therefore the use of non-standard tests is an important aspect when evaluating this system. The majority of the classifications in SECIS are based on data from standard tests.
This is not surprising since it is the type of data that regulatory authorities require and thereby the data that companies are more likely to have access to. The SECIS guidance document does not contain any information regarding what kind of non-standard data that can be used or how to evaluate these data. The criteria for inclusion and evaluation of nonstandard data could thus be further clarified in order to help risk assessors produce assessments based on relevant and sufficiently sensitive test data. The use of short-term data is so far most common but hopefully this will gradually change with the new EMA guideline which emphasizes long-term data. Data from the open scientific literature is not used to hydrocodone missouri pharmacy ship that the extent it could be, and when used it seems to offer lower effect values, i.e. indicating a higher risk than company-owned data in a significant number of cases. Supplementing the SECIS guidance document with the aim to promote companies to search for data in scientific databases, including WikiPharma, could be a way to increase this use. The classification system was only recently launched and it was developed during a relatively short period of time. It is therefore not expected that the system should be working perfectly in all aspects. Based on the results reported above we hereby propose three suggestions that we think should be further discussed in the work towards the aim to continuously develop SECIS as a classification and information system.
These suggestions are: 1.Require that the open scientific literature as a rule is searched for relevant data and, when available these data should be taken into consideration in the risk assessment 2.Clarify how non-standard test data can be included and how data should be evaluated in terms of their relevance and sensitivity 3.State explicity in the SECIS guide that the aim is to always use a relevant and sufficiently sensitive test-method Further recommendations can be found in Agerstrand and Ruden (2010). European Commission Technical Guidance Document in Support of Commission Directive 93/67/EEC on Risk Assessment for New Notified Substances and Commission Regulation (EC). 2003; No hydrocodone apap 7.5 650 tab indications 1488/94 on Risk Assessment for Existing Substances, Part II.
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